About Stained Glass
Many different types of stained glass are
available. There is a vast selection of colors, textures, and
degrees of transparency from which to choose. These factors, as
well as the cutting characteristics, differ from manufacturer to
Your supplier can help you choose the
colors and textures that are appropriate for your projects. Allow
a 25% waste factor when purchasing glass.
- Full Antique Glass,
so called because it is made using antique
methods, is made by blowing molten glass into a
cylindrical mold. The top and bottom of the cylinder are
removed and the glass cylinder is cut lengthwise and
placed into an annealing oven where it gradually unrolls
and flattens out into a sheet of irregular thickness.
Full antique glass is very transparent and is most often
used for painting and staining.
A few of the special types of full antique
glass are: CRACKLE, FLASHED, SEEDY, AND STREAKY.
- Semi- or Sheet
Antique Glass is also
mouth blown like full antique, but the molten cylinder or
bubble is elongated by swinging it on the end of a
blowpipe. The elongation of the bubble causes
semi-antique glass to be thinner than full antique. The
individual sheets are also somewhat larger.
antique, which is
uniform in thickness and color, has an appearance similar
to mouth blown antiques. It is commonly referred to as
"Drawn Antique" or "New Antique."
- Cathedral and
Opalescent Glasses are
machine or hand rolled to a uniform thickness. Cathedral
glass is usually one color. Opalescent glass is made by
adding one or more colors to a milk white base. During
the rolling process, engraved rollers give textures and
uniform thickness to the glass.
Some common textures of machine-made glass
are: figure c, granite, dew drop, moss, water, seedy,
ripple, hammered, double-rolled, and flemish.
- Glue Chip
is a very popular texture. Clear or double
rolled stained glass is sandblasted on one side and the
fern or "jack frost" design is achieved by the
application of animal glue to the sandblasted surface.
It is then allowed to dry and exposed to heat the glue
"chips" the surface of the glass.
Other Types of Stained Glass
are made of stained glass pressed into many
different shapes. The most common ones are multi-faceted,
convex, and sparkle like prisms. Glass jewels, faceted or
unfaceted, add beauty to many types of projects.
- Nuggets or Globs
are rounded blobs of stained glass that are
also used for decorative purposes. They are not as
refined as jewels, varying in size and are irregularly
to "Tools and Supplies"
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